Third-party logistics industry of e-commerce development will solve the logistics delivery problemE-commerce has become a new industry and a new economic growth point in China, but the logistics of e-commerce has become a bottleneck in its development. This article starts with the requirements of e-commerce on logistics distribution, explore the development of the third party logistics industry will address the logistics of e-commerce issues.
keywords: e-commerce: third party logistics: distribution system: logistics centers.
Although e-commerce is a new thing in China in recent years, but since the 90 's, it increasingly came into our lives, constantly changing our lives, changed the traditional business model and become a new economic growth point. Especially in recent years, the rapid development of e-commerce in China's big cities, average daily birth of two e-commerce sites. From April 6, 2000 8 day held at the Beijing International Convention Center the fourth China International e-commerce Conference is injected new vitality to the development of e-commerce in China. But its development is not easy, their faces "three big mountains" obstacles: one is size; the second is online payment; the third is distribution system. Distribution system in particular has become the "three big mountains" in the top priority, no e-commerce logistics system, can only be a pavilion on the beach. This has become a problem we have to think about, I will start from the requirements of e-commerce on logistics distribution, think to solve logistics problems in e-commerce, it is necessary to develop the third party logistics industry.
first, the development of e-commerce on logistics distribution system
in e-commerce today in full swing, many companies have yet to solve the logistical problems, delivery is still the bottleneck of the development of e-commerce. Few claim to have company to solve logistics problems, they make use of the post Office's national postal system, City Express systems deliver small items such as books, audio and video products. More e-commerce companies to require manufacturers, merchant shipping through the shopping process. In other words, despite the Internet address the circulation of most of the problems, but it cannot solve the logistics problem. So, when extensive attention in our new economy, cannot be ignored, cannot avoid the logistics bottleneck problems, take a look at the requirements of e-commerce on logistics distribution system:
1, the requirements of e-commerce on logistics integration. Development of e-commerce is not only making direct transactions between the enterprise and its information exchange, or flexible and agile manufacturing production at home. The principles of agile manufacturing supply chain management or inventory management (JIT), about the production of the enterprise supply chain management focus on the current needs of customers orders, production planning, raw materials, spare parts procurement process closely, minimally reduce inventory, strive for zero inventory and speed up production cycles, and improved overall performance. To do this, the entire logistics system, including purchased material supply logistics and product distribution and logistics must be taking fast, stable, and today in the economic globalization and the specialization of production, a manufacturer of raw materials and components are often distributed in various regions of the world, sales of their products on a global scale, and to realize the integration of logistics are very difficult and complex. Logistics link usually to involves transnational transport, warehouse, and packaging, and circulation processing, and information circulation, various logistics link, objective Shang need professional of logistics service business for its provides service, requirements its can in accurate of time, and accurate of locations to accurate of number, and intact of quality, and appropriate of price will raw materials sent to production workshop, products submitted to customer, whole transport process in the, purchased material and products are can was real-time track. And to do all this, manufacturers simply completed the contract of carriage and logistics service providers in the Internet, and all others to the logistics service provider to complete. For logistics service providers, have to say that it was a great test and challenge.
2, e-commerce on goods distribution requirements. E-commerce mode Xia, needs business and suppliers, and consumers and producers directly trading although less has link to reduced has cost, but due to needs business often need more batch, and less bulk of goods, and consumers by purchased of just less and single, and both and may is not same to, so to wants to fast, and low to will products delivered, unless supply and demand both distance is near, or is to do of. Therefore to solve the problem is to establish a set of integrated, large-scale transport and distribution system to complete. This share on the distribution system from the macro Wan, domain network, the child network, wide area network covering the domain network, network subdomain a domain network, network-related, each and every node of the network is logistics, logistics centers, distribution centers, the nodes between the data capture systems, large and small, such as bar-code technology in order to track goods. After you set up such a system, you can better meet the needs of customers when the customer when purchasing an item from the Internet due to the distribution centres are networked, equivalent to chain stores, manufacturers from the nearest the customer distribution center for its delivery. For short distances, the customer will get the goods quickly and on the cheap.
Second, to break the bottleneck, logistics outsourcing to third party logistics (3PL)
from the above analysis, the distribution bottleneck of e-commerce is, to break this bottleneck, logistics can be outsourced to a third party logistics company (3PL). Third-party logistics company, is a specialized logistics mode in accordance with the theory of the supply chain, production enterprises engaged in production, raw material purchasing to production companies supply, sales of the products produced by delivery, such as all logistics operations to the logistics enterprises to take. Logistics enterprise is production enterprise of big Butler, such from raw materials supply to production, again to products of sales, all link of various functions, are is by in a a field in has expertise or core competitiveness of specialist each other coordination and tie to completed, by formed of supply chain has maximum of competitiveness, can full reasonable effective to organization using resources, both guarantee himself of economic, and guarantee production enterprise of economic. Logistics outsourcing to a third-party logistics management logistics company is a multinational practice, in the world's top 500 enterprises, 70% enterprises with more than the logistics business to the 3PL business. Logistics business is gradually from industrial, agricultural, separating the circulation industry, especially small and medium enterprises. Third-party logistics logistics can be client focused production, reduce costs, and large enterprise market using professional logistics and distribution, 20%--30% cost savings than set up their own networks. Most importantly has a relatively strong third-party logistics logistics facilities, a large number of management talent and rich experience in management, logistics and logistics network all over the country can break the geographical boundaries, far distance logistics play e-commerce advantages efficient, adaptable, based on objective economic needs, changing mind, improve logistics level, complete logistics tasks. Therefore, third-party logistics become the mainstream e-commerce logistics distribution methods, and the best choice for e-logistics. In order to meet the demands of e-commerce, developing the third party logistics industry from the following aspects:
1, active development of the third party logistics, establishment of multi-level logistics distribution network system. Set up multi-level logistics distribution network system, to comply with the global logistics services, information, networking and internationalization of the development direction, circulation processes in the logistics, capital flow and information flow combine the three. Thus, we can establish a set of integrated, large scale transportation and distribution system, which consists of wide area networks, domain networks, child domains, such as multiple levels of network. Wan by big of logistics base composition, like domestic several big container throughput port and other several Center City or goods distributed more of traffic hub city on should built has such of logistics base, logistics base within according to goods category or sent area is divided into several big Logistics Park, logistics park within built has modern of senior stereo warehouse, warehouse while has warehouse custody function, while has automatically distribution and integrated function. Logistics Base and logistics base between due fixed of goods class column or container class column; layer domain network by Logistics Center composition, main established in province, and city level traffic convenience of specifically a area, also due logistics base similar of function, just scale to small; subdomain network by distribution center composition, main established in prefecture-level city or transnational production manufacturing enterprise internal, is responsible for local district the retail points and online trading of consumers of goods of distribution, on consumers of distribution, application cycling, Postman multi-point delivery line method in the operations research to distribution.
2, to develop third-party logistics, improve the level of specialization and socialization. From the development of function of foreign logistics enterprises, logistics services provided by much more than traditional warehousing, distribution and transportation logistics services, third-party logistics enterprises have developed rapidly. Due to reduced supply chain costs needed, United States manufacturers and retailers are demanding more logistics companies, logistics enterprise to provide warehousing, distribution facilities, maintenance services, electronic tracking, and other value-added services is growing. Singapore universal baoluo·geleiemu, President of the Asia-Pacific region, said logistics service providers are into customer service centers, processing and maintenance center, information center and financial center. Third-party logistics enterprises by means of information technologies provide an increasing number of logistics services, able to respond quickly to market changes. Developing third party logistics, improve the level of specialization and socialization of logistics enterprises, extension services, establish complete function, reasonable layout, distinctive levels of integrated logistics systems is a global trend of development of the logistics industry, China's logistics industry is also an important direction of development.
3, on the scientific management of the logistics industry, speed up the training of logistics personnel. Judging from the foreign logistics industry's development situation and required logistics and distribution practitioners should have a certain level of knowledge and practical experience, for which foreign logistics education and training is very developed, formed a relatively reasonable logistics personnel education and training system. And the training of China logistics talents is very backward, logistics personnel shortages, not conducive to the development of our logistics industry. Problems faced by the development of the logistics industry in our country to address training issues should be the most fundamental and urgent. Should carry out extensive logistics training and education. While training of professional, high-quality logistics management and technical personnel. Vocational education is to cultivate logistics talent and distribution of the most important and the most economical way, logistics practitioners must receive vocational education in many countries, after gaining qualifications, to work in the field of logistics and distribution. Therefore, also in accordance with the international standard method, establish and improve logistics education and training system, forming more reasonable logistics talents training system, set up logistics management programs at universities and colleges, and a wide logistics courses for students of business administration, graduate education system formed a certain scale. The other hand, logistics support and understanding of the operational needs of the system operators of e-commerce, by providing training services to e-commerce operators can develop its identity with the Logistics Center Manager, you can raise the level of logistics management of e-commerce operators, logistics center management requirements can be communicated to operators of e-commerce, but also facilitate the establishment of the standard operation.